Shortly thereafter, his phenomenal talent brought him immediate attention and praise. He then accepted an invitation to Chicago to compete in a tournament, and while records of the tournament are not known, it was said that he scored a respectable result. The photo to the right bears testament that he had the outward appearance of being serious at anything he participated in. One can almost say with an amount of certainty, that his strength as a chess player was not in question.
In fact, in a June 1986 article in U.S. Chess Life, Larry Parr reported that Mr. Thompson played correspondence chess and scored 7-2 in one tournament. "His over-the-board style has the same touch as his problems: his moves were hard, fast, and aggressive. In the argot of a later era, he floated like a butterfly and stung like a bee."
In 1873, Mr. Thompson composed a book of endgame positions titled, Chess Problems: Either to Play and Mate. This book was highly-regarded by his chess-playing peers. Following is an excerpt from a review which appeared in the July 1874 issue of City of London Chess Magazine. "We have been very much pleased indeed with the composition in this book, and consider that they display real genius, both of a conceptive and constructive order. . . . We consider Mr. Thompson a composer of great merit and of rare promise."
His chess-playing career was short as he disappeared almost as abruptly as he arrived. Rumors stated that he may have fallen prey to a racial lynching at a young age, but other sources indicate that a "Theophilus Thompson" worked as an oysterman and may have lived into his 80s or 90s and settled in Anne Arundel, Maryland.
The Chess Drum salutes Theophilus Thompson!!